The placebo effect proves the power of mind. If you believe in a “magical” pill or treatment, most of the time you will improve. However, you might be surprised to learn that the contrasting dark side is also true, referred to as the nocebo response. In other words, when you are taking a sugar pill, you could experience the bad side effects related to the pill you believe you are taking according to the Harvard Mental Health Letter
Placebo and nocebo are flip sides. Placebo means, “I will please,” and nocebo means, “I will harm.” The mind, like the 17thcentury poet John Milton said, can make a heaven out of hell or a hell out of heaven. It turns out from double blind studies that our expectations about a medication or procedure could shape our experience. Consequently, how a doctor speaks to us can affect how the body will respond to the treatment. Even the color of a pill, our associations with that color – like blue symbolizing calm and red symbolizing energy, can trigger a specific response.
TV commercials know all about the placebo effect when they paint idyllic images of happy patients taking all sorts of medications and undergoing surgeries. They tap into the power of suggestion: You can feel happily relieved like these patients. In contrast, the nocebo effect is a little more complicated and less understood.
The nocebo effect might be due to stress hormones like cortisol which get activated by anxiety, sadness, disappointment or bad memories. It would be great if physicians were diplomatic, but many are too stressed to have a warm bedside manner and can use upsetting words. It would be great if the releases patients have to sign or the medications patients get filled don’t have a list of all the terrible things which could go wrong, but legally one needs to be informed.
Therefore to direct your mind to a positive outcome:
- Give yourself a positive suggestion. It’s like hypnotizing yourself. Imagine a successful outcome the way athletes do before a competition. People who do this consistently on a regular basis especially before surgery say that they need less anesthesia and experience less pain afterwards.
- Transform an old negative memory into a positive one. For example, parents are adept at giving their child’s nightmare a happier conclusion, transforming terror into security. Dr. Bernie Siegel advised his cancer patients receiving radiation therapy to image it as “golden rays of healing.” This way patients flow with the healing process instead of fighting it.
- Act the role of an empowered patient. Don’t allow yourself to be objectified or spoken about in third person. If you feel your doctor is abrupt, disrespectful or negative, get another opinion. Your physician’s negative approach could actualize a nocebo.
Now apply the placebo/nocebo effect to the non-medical potential accomplishments of your life. Might your belief system be getting in the way of achieving your goals? What would you do if you believed you could not fail?
Debbie Mandel, MA is the author of Addicted to Stress: A Woman's 7 Step Program to Reclaim Joy and Spontaneity in Life
, Changing Habits: The Caregivers' Total Workout
and Turn On Your Inner Light: Fitness for Body, Mind and Soul,
a stress-reduction specialist, motivational speaker, a personal trainer and mind/body lecturer. She is the host of the weekly Turn On Your Inner Light Show on WGBB AM1240 in New York City , produces a weekly wellness newsletter, and has been featured on radio/ TV and print media. To learn more visit: www.turnonyourinnerlight.com